Category Archives: South America

South America Biomes

Pampas of South America


Blue footed Booby

Nazca Lines

The Lines of Nazca Peru

A giant monkey biomorph on the Nasca desert plain. (© Jarnogz &

1. “In the Peruvian Desert, about 200 miles south of Lima, there lies a plain between the Inca and Nazca (sometimes also spelled Nasca) Valleys. Across this plain, in an area measuring 37 miles long and 1-mile wide, is an assortment of perfectly-straight lines, many running parallel, others intersecting, forming a grand geometric form.”

2. National Geographic

3. How it’s made: animation

4. Photos at National Geographic

South America Research Project

  • South America study: We will be studying 8 of the 13 countries in South America:  Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Students will be encouraged to take notes, research, and represent their work on the food, clothing, shelter, daily life, art, culture, etc. of that country. Students will work in mixed groups of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd graders. Children will also complete follow up work on volcanoes, the Incas, Simon Bolivar, Rainforests, among other topics. 

Places to Start:


Type in the name of your country or “South America” to start.

2. Country Reports: Start with “Customs and Culture” or “Interesting Facts”

There’s also photos, videos, recipes. You can even listen to the national anthem!

User: gophers

pass: Ask your teacher!

3. Kids Know It

4. Click on the category to the right, South America

Amazon wildlife:

1. Tree Frogs:


1. Read a book, take notes

Here are the codes we will use for the margins of our ‘colored notebooks’. You may also take notes in your Homework Writing Journal using these same codes: (These mirror the table of contents of The Enchantments of the World book series we have from the library.)

1. General (Try to avoid using this term too often!!! However, most books start with an introduction or general section.)

2. Geo or Land (Geo means “earth” as in geography or geology. This includes landforms, water, volcanoes, climate, weather)

3. Bio (Bio means “life” as in plants, animals, and any other living things.)

4. Hist (short for history, this could include events for your timeline. This also the code for famous people)

5. Gov (short for government)

6. Econ (short for economy)

You can also make up your own KEY based on the Fundamental Needs of Humans

Ex: Food, Def (Defense), Home (Shelter), Rel (religion)

2. View a Brainpop video. Click here . You’ll need the user name and password from your teacher

3. Explore Country Reports or one of the websites listed above.

Background for adults:


See examples of maps here:

Print Outline Maps here:


2. Enchanted Learning (some are free. Ask your teacher for password)


4. Create a map at National Geographic:

Simon Bolivar, The Incas, Machu Pichu, and the History of South America

South American History:

There were grand civilizations throughout South America before contact with explorers and conqurers from Spain and other European countries. In America, the language we speak is called “English” (not “American”) because our country used to belong to England. Many of the countries in South America speak Spanish because they used to belong to Spain. Just as our country needed to fight a war to gain independence, so did much of South America.

To learn more, explore these links on The Incas, Machu Pichu, and Simon Bolivar

The Incas:

1. Mr. Donn

2. This site has a great map of their territory:

Machu Pichu:

How to make a Quipu:

Simon Bolivar:



3. You can watch this at school:

this one you should read with an adult:


There are many volcanoes throughout the world. Some are in South America. To find out more, select the links below:

Nevados Ojos del Salado

Nevados Ojos del Salado is the world’s highest active volcano. It is located on the Chile/Argentina border, about 20 km south of the road that crosses Argentina-CHile border at Paso de San Francisco.

More here:



3. Volcanoes of chile:


A list:

1. Oregon State University

This site has a table of data on many of the world’s Volcanoes

There’s another table here :

It’s alphabetical by name. Use Control + F to search for the name of the country you are studying, for example: “Chile”

2. Wikipedia is also a good place TO START. Once you know the name of a volcano in the country you are studying, it will make your search easier. Again, use CONTROL + F to search for the name of the country you are studying.

3. weather kids is a good place to start for a basic introduction.

4. Enchanted is a good place to start as well:

5.. National Geographic has a short 3 min video you can watch at home. You can watch a Brainpop video at school.

6. Primary homework help has links to other sites:

7. Britannica is an online encyclopedia:

A volcano erupted in Hawaii, U.S.A on November 3rd, 2014:

Here’s a news story for you to read with an adult:

Tropical Rainforests

Tropical Rainforests are essential to every living thing on our planet. South America happens to have a rather large one. Have you heard of the Amazon Rainforest?

Here are resources for you to explore:


2. Kids Do Ecology

3.Kids Mongabay

4.Rainforest Alliannce:

And here are coloring sheets:

5. Science Kids

6. Kids geology