Category Archives: Timeline of Humans

A Shocking Find In a Neanderthal Cave In France

What would YOU build with Stalagmites?


Mysterious structures found deep inside a French cave are the work of Neanderthal builders who lived in the region more than 100,000 years before modern humans set foot in Europe.

The extraordinary constructions are made from nearly 400 stalagmites that have been yanked from the ground and stacked on top of one another to produce rudimentary walls on the damp cave floor.”

Antarctica: 71 million-year-old dinosaur fossils


7388930-3x2-700x467“A team of scientists from around the world have uncovered more than a tonne of fossils and dinosaur remains while on an extremely gruelling and frosty expedition to Antarctica.

Fossils from the end of the age of dinosaurs, some of which were estimated to be 71 million years old, were discovered including many marine reptile remains.

“[We found] things like plesiosaurs and mosasaurs — a type of marine lizard made famous by the recent film Jurassic World,” said Dr Steve Salisbury from the University of Queensland, who took part in the mission.

“We found a lot of really great fossils,” he said.

“They were all shallow marine rocks, so the majority of things we found lived in the ocean.”

Dr Salisbury and the team also found fossils of birds including early ducks that lived at the end of the Cretaceous period.

The team of 12 scientists from the US, Australia and South Africa travelled to the James Ross Island area to find out more about Antarctica’s dinosaurs.”



More photos here:

Cave Art

When do you think art began? How about the first written word?

Well, the earliest forms of communications weren’t words at all but rather symbols or ideograms:



We read this book aloud


Here’s another good book: The Cave Painter of Lascaux


We learned about the History of Writing, the 4th Great Lesson.

We made some of our own cave art: (Here’s one way to do it)

“The amazing cave paintings at Lascaux in south-west France are estimated to be 17,300 years old. They were discovered in 1940 by a group of teenage boys and their dog as they explored the woods of Montignac for a fabled tunnel containing hidden treasure! What the boys found was treasure indeed – a “cavalcade of animals larger than life painted on the walls and ceiling of the cave; each animal seemed to be moving” in the words of fourteen year ‘discoverer’, Jacques Marsal.”

“More than 900 animals are painted or incised into the rocks, mostly cattle, deer and horses, hunted by human figures with bows and arrows. Four huge bulls dominate one chamber, known as the The Great Hall of the Bulls, the largest bull measuring an incredible 5.2m (17 feet) from nose to tail.”


  1. By the way, they’re not “cave men” but rather Early Humans or Prehistoric Humans.
  2. Other Art Lessons:


TIME! When did ancient months start?

When did ancient months start?





60,000 Years ago the journey began….

Great Story: The coming of Humans

It’s tough to know what happened on Earth thousands of years before anyone started writing anything down. But thanks to the amazing work of anthropologists and paleontologists like those working on National Geographic’s Genographic Project, we can begin to piece together the story of our ancestors. Here’s how early humans spread from East Africa all around the world.

Produced by Alex Kuzoian

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