Category Archives: Asia

PEACE: A SHORT HISTORY; MLK, Gandhi, and Aun Kyi

A Short History of Civil Disobedience:

Nonviolence and Peace Movements | Crash Course World History #228

Join host John Green to learn about nonviolence and peace movements in the 20th century. What is nonviolence? What is a peace movement? Traditionally, humans often resort to violence when they come into conflict. In the 20th century, it became much more common for people to enact change by means of nonviolence, and this was a common thread of connection between many of the most notable advocates of peaceful change. Crash Course will take you along a path of nonviolent resistance and peaceful change including Gandhi, Gregg, Bayard Rustin, Martin Luther King, Jr., the Cold War , and the Arab Spring.


Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

a.k.a MLK or “Dr. King”

  1. Free Video From Brainpop

Resources on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

2. This timeline has photographs!

3. This one from Soft Schools is fun too:

4. And this one from King Institute:



  1. Brainpop:


Aung San Suu Kyi (SOO -CHEE)



She gave a famous speech at Shwedagon Pagoda in Mynamar (Burma).


Here’s a video of that speech:

Here’s a 2012 meeting between Suu Kyi and President Barack Obama:

Here’s a picture of her from 2015:

Embed from Getty Images






Here are some links:

From : Country Reports

Pakistan Interesting Facts

  • A traditional art form is pottery. Often it is engraved or painted with elaborate designs and then glazed.
  • For children in Pakistan, primary education is not compulsory. In the cities, some children are expected to find jobs and work to help the family.
  • Pakistan’s highest mountain K2, is in the Karakoram Range and is the second highest mountain in the world. K2 is 28,523 feet (8,617 meters). Films, fiction and documentary, have been made on the conquest of these formidable peaks.
  • Pakistan has the largest canal irrigation system in the world. Over 75% of cultivated land in Pakistan is irrigated by the Indus River.
  • Pakistan was created as a homeland for Muslims, so most of the important festivals of the year are either religious or a commemoration of the birth of the country.
  • The great Indus Valley civilization developed between 300 B.C. and 1500 B.C. or roughly at the same time as the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
  • The highest polo grounds in the world are nestled in the high hills of Northern Pakistan.
  • The Pakistani are an ethnically diverse people.
  • When a child loses a tooth they wrap their tooth in cotton. At sunset they go to the river and throw their tooth in the water. It will bring them good luck. If no river is nearby, they will throw it in a good site, like a garden.

Pakistan Lost Tooth Traditions

They wrap their tooth in cotton. At sunset they go to the river and throw their tooth into the water. It will bring them good luck. If no river is nearby, they will throw it in a good site, like a garden.

Pakistan Church and Religion

About 97 percent of the people are Muslims. Most of these are Sunni Muslims, while the remainder are Shi’a Muslims. Islam pervades every facet of a Pakistani’s life from birth to death, and people believe their destiny is subject to the will of Allah (God). The remainder of the people are either Christian or Hindu, or belong to other religions. Jalalabadis practice Sufism, and are a distinct and colorful people.

The Constitution establishes Islam as the state religion. It also

declares that adequate provisions shall be made for minorities to

profess and practice their religious beliefs freely; however, in

reality the Government imposes limits on freedom of religion,

particularly on Ahmadis.

A 1974 constitutional amendment declares Ahmadis to be non-Muslim.

Section 298(c), commonly referred to as the “anti-Ahmadi laws,”

prohibits Ahmadis from calling themselves Muslims, referring to their

religious beliefs as Islam, preaching or propagating their religious

belief, inviting others to accept Ahmadi teachings, or insulting the

religious feelings of Muslims. The punishment for violation of the

section is imprisonment for up to 3 years and a fine. Other religious

communities were generally free to observe their religious obligations;

however, religious minorities are legally restricted from public

display of certain religious images and, due to discriminatory

legislation and social pressure, are often afraid to profess their

religious beliefs freely.

Freedom of speech is subject to “reasonable” restrictions in the

interests of the “glory of Islam.” The consequences for contravening

the country’s blasphemy laws are death for defiling Islam or its

prophets; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging, or desecrating the

Qur’an; and 10 years’ imprisonment for insulting another’s religious

feelings. These laws are often used to settle personal scores as well

as to intimidate vulnerable Muslims, sectarian opponents, and religious

minorities. Under the Anti-Terrorist Act, any action, including speech,

intended to incite religious hatred is punishable by up to 7 years of

imprisonment. Under the act, bail is not to be granted if the judge has

reasonable grounds to believe that the accused is guilty; however, the

law is applied selectively.

Any speech or conduct that injures another’s religious feelings,

including those of minority religious groups, is prohibited and

punishable by imprisonment. However, in cases where the religious

feelings of a minority religious group were insulted, the blasphemy

laws were rarely enforced and cases rarely brought to the legal system.

A 2005 law requires that a senior police official investigate any

blasphemy charge before a complaint is filed.

The Penal Code incorporates a number of Islamic law (Shari’a)

provisions. The judicial system encompasses several different court

systems with overlapping and sometimes competing jurisdictions that

reflect differences in civil, criminal, and Islamic jurisprudence. The

Federal Shari’a Court and the Shari’a bench of the Supreme Court serve

as appellate courts for certain convictions in criminal court under the

Hudood Ordinances; judges and attorneys in these courts must be Muslim.

The federal Shari’a court may overturn any legislation judged to be

inconsistent with the tenets of Islam. In March 2005, however, the

Supreme Court Chief Justice ruled that the Federal Shari’a Court had no

jurisdiction to review a decision by a provincial high court even if

the Federal Shari’a Court should have had initial appellate


Criminal law allows offenders to offer monetary restitution to victims

and allows victims to carry out physical retribution rather than seek

punishment through the court system. The law exists under the title

“Qisaas and Diyat” to provide money to the victim of the crime (“eye

for an eye”). However, this tribal law is rarely implemented except in

the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Religious minorities

claimed that minority offenders faced far higher, and minority victims

received far lower, amounts of monetary restitution than did Muslims.

In December 2006 President Musharraf signed into law the Women’s

Protection Bill of 2006, which amended the Hudood Ordinance and moved

cases of rape and adultery to secular rather than Shari’a courts.

Previously, the Hudood Ordinance, which criminalizes rape, extramarital

sex, property crimes, alcohol, and gambling, often relied on harsh and

discriminatory interpretations of Qur’anic standards of evidence and

punishment that applied equally to Muslims and non-Muslims. If Qur’anic

standards are used, Muslim and non-Muslim and male and female testimony

carry different weight. President Musharraf also ordered the release of

all women imprisoned under the Hudood Ordinance. Approximately 2,500

women have been released. Many were unable to return to their homes

because of social ostracism. A few others remained in custody, and most

were housed in Daarul Amaans (government-run group homes). The women

who were arrested under the Hudood Ordinance on charges of fornication,

adultery, and possession of liquor now have their cases heard under the

Women’s Protection Bill.

The Government designates religious affiliation on passports and

requests religious information in national identity card applications.

Citizens must have a national identity card to vote. Those wishing to

be listed as a Muslim must swear to believe that Prophet Muhammad is

the final prophet and denounce the Ahmadiyya Movement’s founder as a

false prophet and his followers as non-Muslims, a provision designed to

discriminate against Ahmadis. Before the 2002 general elections,

President Musharraf abolished the requirement to take this oath, but he

later reversed his decision, resulting in an election boycott by the

Ahmadiyya community. Initial voter registration no longer requires such

an oath, but the Election Commission claimed that any Muslim registrant

whose religious beliefs were challenged by the public would have to

take the oath. As a result, Ahmadis continued to boycott the elections.

No new policies based on religion were made for the February 2008


The Constitution provides for the “freedom to manage religious

institutions.” In principle, the Government does not restrict organized

religious groups from establishing places of worship and training

members of the clergy. In practice, however, religious minorities

suffered from restrictions on this right. The Government, at the

district level, consistently refused to grant permission to construct

non-Muslim places of worship, especially to the Ahmadiyya and Baha’i

communities, citing the need to maintain public order. There is no

official restriction on the construction of Ahmadiyya places of

worship; however, Ahmadis are forbidden from calling them mosques.

District governments often refuse to grant Ahmadis permission to hold

events publicly, therefore they hold their meetings in members’ homes.

The Government can shut down these gatherings if neighbors report

hearing the recitation of Qur’anic verses.

The Government provides funding for construction and maintenance of

mosques and for Islamic clergy. The provincial and federal governments

have legal responsibility for certain religious properties belonging to

minority communities that were abandoned during partition. Minority

communities claimed the Government did not spend adequate funds on

their protection and upkeep. The Government collected a 2.5 percent tax

(zakaat) on all Sunni Muslims, which was distributed to Sunni mosques,

madrassahs, and charities. No similar requirement was imposed on other

religious groups.

The Government observes Islamic holy days as national holidays.

The Constitution safeguards “educational institutions with respect to

religion.” No student can be forced to receive religious instruction or

participate in religious worship other than his or her own. The denial

of religious instruction for students of any religious community or

denomination is also prohibited.

Islamiyyat (Islamic studies) is compulsory for all Muslim students in

state-run schools. Although students of other religious groups are not

legally required to study Islam, they are not provided with parallel

studies in their own religious beliefs. In some schools non-Muslim

students may study Akhlaqiyyat, or Ethics.

The Constitution specifically prohibits discriminatory admission to any

governmental educational institution solely based on religious

affiliation. Government officials stated that the only factors

affecting admission to governmental educational institutions were

students’ grades and home provinces; however, students must declare

their religious affiliation on application forms. This declaration is

also true for private educational institutions, including universities.

Muslim students must declare in writing that they believe that Prophet

Muhammad is the final prophet, a measure that singles out Ahmadis.

Non-Muslims must have their religious affiliation verified by the head

of their local religious community.

Parents are free to send children to religious schools, at their

expense, and many did. Private schools are free to teach or not teach

religious studies as they choose.

Islamic schools known as madrassahs are traditional institutions for

Muslims seeking a purely religious education. In recent years many

madrassahs have taught extremist doctrine in support of terrorism. In

many rural communities, they are the only form of education available.

In an attempt to curb the spread of extremism, the 2002 Madrassah

Registration Ordinance required all madrassahs to register with one of

the five independent boards (wafaqs), cease accepting foreign

financing, and accept foreign students only with the consent of th

The History of Origami and Tangrams


What is Origami?

1.Origami Resource Center


3. Timeline:


4. Origami Heaven

5. Kids Web Japan: Origami

Origami People:

Akira Yoshizawa


For adults:


Tangrams: Print your own tangrams here: activity village 

  1. tech it out uk
  2. tangram channel
  3. Legend of the Tangram
  4. Archimedes and the Tangram